Engineering is the discipline that studies and applies knowledge through designs, techniques that can solve the different problems that affect humanity. Engineering basically is the knowledge and application of mathematics and natural sciences to use certain materials and the forces of nature for the benefit of the environment and humanity.
But also, engineering goes a little further than this and will also use scientific knowledge to put it at the service of invention, improvement and use of any type of technology. Although engineering is an absolutely human activity, in reality, its specific field of knowledge is closely linked to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Individuals who dedicate their professional lives to this task are known as Engineers.
The scope of an engineer varies, as he can work in a service company or in a production industry. Therefore, an engineer can design, develop, evaluate, modify, maintain or inspect products and service systems.
At the same time, it determines the best materials or procedures to achieve the best result at the lowest cost. Because of this, engineers are an important part of society and its development.
It is the branch of engineering that applies the knowledge of physics, chemistry, calculation and geology in the construction of infrastructures, hydraulic works and transport.
We can see the hand of civil engineering on roads, bridges, buildings, airports, dams and other works. The name "civil" is due to its differentiated origin from military engineering.
Industrial engineering is the area that is responsible for implementing production processes and carrying out projects to develop activities in a productive and efficient way. All this taking into account that human and economic resources are limited, so at all times it tries to use these resources optimally.
An industrial engineer is important in any sector of the industry, either to direct the processes of the same or to ensure the quality of the final product. Engineers' specialties include managing human capital, managing resources, both physical and financial, as well as ensuring that company production continues on its way to success.
Mechanical engineering is the branch of engineering that focuses on the studies of mechanisms in order to understand their physical, dynamic and static behavior. These mechanisms help in various activities in order to benefit society, such as transportation or machinery that facilitates work within the industry.
The main mission of mechanical engineering is to manufacture, install, design and maintain the various work instruments strongly related to the area of the laws of physics and the properties of chemistry. This is done in order to facilitate human labor within a construction or product manufacturing.
Electrical Engineering is the part of engineering that is responsible for studying and applying matters relating to electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. This engineering goes hand in hand with applied sciences such as mathematics and physics.
This knowledge allows electrical engineering to design systems and equipment that will be capable of generating, transporting and distributing electrical energy. It is responsible for the design, maintenance and analysis of industrial electrical installations. It also handles electrical machines such as motors, generators and transformers, among others.